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Avila province is located in the center of Spain, and it is formed by 248 municipalities with a total population of 167.000 inhabitants. 

The province land presents important differences due to its geographical situation. The north of the province is located in the central plateau and agrarian activity is the most important industry. The centre of the province is crossed by the Central Mountain Range, so forest and tourism activities are the main industries in this mountain area. The south of the province presents important differences in terms of geography, altitude and climate, with similarities to warm areas. Tourism is the most important industry.

In terms of energy consumption, Ávila province consumes 3.145 GWh/year, being transport the main energy source (51,39% gasoil and 6,59% fuel), according to the following chart: 

Within gasoil, the main consumption is for transport (57%), according to this data:

Electricity is mainly consumed for industrial and service uses (63%), according this chart:

The geographical differences and traditional activities are linked to energy generation in the province. In this regard, the generation based on PV source is concentrated in the north (75% of the installed PV power), due to the plain land, the existence of a dense network of electricity lines linked to irrigation lands and a good solar irradiation. In the center of the province highlights wind power due to the good exposition to wind of the mountain areas. Hydropower is the main source in the centre-south, where dams and steep rivers are located. 

Distribution of wind power and hydropower installations in the province of Ávila

According to this data, Ávila province generates 26,37% of total consumption based on renewable energy. The strategy to increase this amount of energy is based on the promotion of all the sources with potential generation, mainly wind power, solar and biomass and the expectation is to overcome 40% in 2020.

In terms of Energy Efficiency, the strategy is focused in the improvement of isolation in residential buildings, public buildings and installations and transport.


Alberto López Casillas